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2nd World Congress on Psychiatry & Psychological Syndromes

Madrid, Spain

Meena Gnanasekharan

Meena Gnanasekharan

Reach Psychiatry, India

Title: Incidence of depression in antenatal and postnatal women: A cross-section study in a private hospital setting in India

Biography

Biography: Meena Gnanasekharan

Abstract

Introduction: Worldwide approximately 13 percent of women experience post-partum depression. We are looking at a cross-section of women in a private Hospital setting in India. Depression is a mental health disorder often characterized by feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities once enjoyed. It can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems and can decrease a person’s ability to function at work and at home. Perinatal Depression affects nearly 1 in 10 women world over, between the ages of 18-35 years. Postpartum mood disorders affect not only the mothers but also their infants. Mothers undergoing perinatal depression are irritable and lose interest and motivation in their lives as well as in their new born.
 
Objective: The objective of the study is to present data on the prevalence of depression in the antenatal period compared to the postpartum period. The sample of fifty women in the antenatal period and fifty women in the postpartum period were selected from Cloudnine Hospitals, Bangalore, a private hospital setting.
 
Methods: The data was collected from these two groups of women using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) which will identify women who exhibit symptoms of depression in the antenatal and postpartum periods. The data collected was subjected to a descriptive statistical analysis. The means, SD and the t-value analysis of antenatal and postnatal were used to determine whether there is a significant difference in the prevalence of depression in antenatal and postnatal women.
 
Results: The results reveal that the prevalence of Depression in antenatal women is higher than that of postnatal women, contrary to popular belief. The results revealed that there is a difference in the means and the p-values between the two groups, which proves our hypothesis that there is a significant difference in the prevalence of depression in antenatal and postnatal women.